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Atmospheric Rivers and Associated Precipitation over France and Western Europe: 1980–2020 Climatology and Case Study

Abstract : Atmospheric rivers are important atmospheric features implicated in the global water vapor budget, the cloud distribution, and the associated precipitation. The ARiD (Atmospheric River Detector) code has been developed to automatically detect atmospheric rivers from water vapor flux and has been applied to the ECMWF ERA5 archive over the period 1980–2020 above the Atlantic Ocean and Europe. A case study of an atmospheric river formed in the East Atlantic on August 2014 that reached France has been detailed using ECMWF ERA5 reanalysis, ground based observation data, and satellite products such as DARDAR, AIRS, GPCP, and GOES. This atmospheric river event presents a strong interaction with an intense upper tropospheric jet stream, which induced stratosphere–troposphere exchanges by tropopause fold. A 1980–2020 climatology of atmospheric rivers over Europe has been presented. The west of France, Iberian Peninsula, and British Islands are the most impacted regions by atmospheric rivers with an occurrence of up to four days per month during the October–April period. Up to 40% of the precipitation observed on the west European coast can be linked to the presence of ARs. No significant trend in the occurrence of the phenomena was found over 1980–2020
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03463960
Contributor : Jean-Luc Baray Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, December 2, 2021 - 6:08:01 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 11:04:04 AM

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Benjamin Doiteau, Meredith Dournaux, Nadège Montoux, Jean-Luc Baray. Atmospheric Rivers and Associated Precipitation over France and Western Europe: 1980–2020 Climatology and Case Study. Atmosphere, MDPI 2021, 12 (8), pp.1075. ⟨10.3390/atmos12081075⟩. ⟨hal-03463960⟩

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