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Rainfalls sprinkle cloud bacterial diversity while scavenging biomass

Abstract : ABSTRACT Bacteria circulate in the atmosphere, through clouds and precipitation to surface ecosystems. Here, we conducted a coordinated study of bacteria assemblages in clouds and precipitation at two sites distant of ∼800 m in elevation in a rural vegetated area around puy de Dôme Mountain, France, and analysed them in regard to meteorological, chemical and air masses’ history data. In both clouds and precipitation, bacteria generally associated with vegetation or soil dominated. Elevated ATP-to-cell ratio in clouds compared with precipitation suggested a higher proportion of viable cells and/or specific biological processes. The increase of bacterial cell concentration from clouds to precipitation indicated strong below-cloud scavenging. Using ions as tracers, we derive that 0.2 to 25.5% of the 1.1 × 107 to 6.6 × 108 bacteria cell/m2/h1 deposited with precipitation originated from the source clouds. Yet, the relative species richness decreased with the proportion of inputs from clouds, pointing them as sources of distant microbial diversity. Biodiversity profiles, thus, differed between clouds and precipitation in relation with distant/local influencing sources, and potentially with bacterial phenotypic traits. Notably Undibacterium, Bacillus and Staphylococcus were more represented in clouds, while epiphytic bacteria such as Massilia, Sphingomonas, Rhodococcus and Pseudomonas were enriched in precipitation.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-03449952
Contributor : Laurent Deguillaume Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, November 25, 2021 - 5:03:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 3:45:49 AM

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Raphaëlle Péguilhan, Ludovic Besaury, Florent Rossi, François Enault, Jean-Luc Baray, et al.. Rainfalls sprinkle cloud bacterial diversity while scavenging biomass. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2021, 97 (11), ⟨10.1093/femsec/fiab144⟩. ⟨hal-03449952⟩

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