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Signs and symptoms of intimate partner violence in women attending primary care in Europe, North America and Australia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract : Abstract Background Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a prevalent yet underdiagnosed health issue, and primary care practitioners are in a unique front-line position to provide care and counsel for the victims. Objective To identify the signs and symptoms of women exposed to IPV who attended primary care, regardless motive of consultation. Methods Systematic review and meta-analysis on Cochrane, PubMed, Embase and CINAHL between 1946 and 2020. Eligible studies had to be original quantitative research, on women aged >15 years, attending primary care settings in Europe, North America and Australia and interviewed on their status as victims of IPV and on their signs and symptoms. Results Of 1791 articles identified, 57 were selected. Associations were found between IPV and signs and symptoms of depression [19 studies: overall odds ratio (OR) = 3.59, 95% confidence interval (CI; 2.7–4.7, I2 = 94.6%)], anxiety [9 studies: overall OR = 2.19, 95% CI (1.75–2.73, I2 = 84%)], gynaecological and/or sexually transmitted infections [6 studies: overall OR = 2.82, 95% CI (2.1–3.8, I2 = 41%)] and combination of somatic symptoms [5 studies: standard mean deviation = 0.795, 95% CI (0.62–0.97, I2 = 0%)]. Conclusions Women exposed to IPV may present with clinical symptoms and signs other than bodily injury. Policy implications knowing these symptoms presented by women victims of IPV can help GPs identify and treat them. Systematic review registration PROSPERO CRD42018089857.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-03404496
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 26, 2021 - 4:35:28 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 28, 2021 - 11:17:22 AM

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Mathilde Vicard-Olagne, Bruno Pereira, Laure Rougé, Aurélie Cabaillot, Philippe Vorilhon, et al.. Signs and symptoms of intimate partner violence in women attending primary care in Europe, North America and Australia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Family Practice, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option D, 2021, ⟨10.1093/fampra/cmab097⟩. ⟨hal-03404496⟩

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