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Copper-Doped Biphasic Calcium Phosphate Powders: Dopant Release, Cytotoxicity and Antibacterial Properties

Abstract : Cytotoxicity and antibacterial properties associated with the dopant release of Cu-doped Biphasic Calcium Phosphate (BCP) powders, mainly composed of hydroxyapatite mixed with β-tricalcium phosphate powders, were investigated. Twelve BCP ceramics were synthesized at three different sintering temperatures (600 °C, 900 °C and 1200 °C) and four copper doping rates (x = 0.0, 0.05, 0.10 and 0.20, corresponding to the stoichiometric amount of copper in Ca10Cux(PO4)6(OH)2-2xO2x). Cytotoxicity assessments of Cu-doped BCP powders, using MTT assay with human-Mesenchymal Stem Cells (h-MSCs), indicated no cytotoxicity and the release of less than 12 ppm of copper into the biological medium. The antibacterial activity of the powders was determined against both Gram-positive (methicillin-sensitive (MS) and methicillin resistant (MR) Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacteria. The Cu-doped biomaterials exhibited a strong antibacterial activity against MSSA, MRSA and E. coli, releasing approximatively 2.5 ppm after 24 h, whereas 10 ppm were required to induce an antibacterial effect against P. aeruginosa. This study also demonstrated that the culture medium used during experiments can directly impact the antibacterial effect observed; only 4 ppm of Cu2+ were effective for killing all the bacteria in a 1:500 diluted TS medium, whereas 20 ppm were necessary to achieve the same result in a rich, non-diluted standard marrow cell culture medium.
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Contributor : Stéphanie Bonnefoy Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, May 10, 2021 - 1:56:39 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 3:08:00 AM
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Aurélie Jacobs, Guillaume Renaudin, Nicolas Charbonnel, Jean-Marie Nedelec, Christiane Forestier, et al.. Copper-Doped Biphasic Calcium Phosphate Powders: Dopant Release, Cytotoxicity and Antibacterial Properties. Materials, MDPI, 2021, 14 (9), pp.2393. ⟨10.3390/ma14092393⟩. ⟨hal-03222652⟩



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