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Effects of Totum-63 on glucose homeostasis and post-prandial glycemia: a translational study

Abstract : Global prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is rising and may affect 700 million people by 2045. Totum-63 is a polyphenol-rich natural composition developed to reduce the risk of T2D. We first investigated the effects of Totum-63 supplementation in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice for up to 16 weeks, and thereafter assessed its safety and efficacy (2.5 g or 5 g per day) in 14 overweight men (mean age 51.5 years, BMI 27.6 kg.m -2 ) for 4 weeks. In HFD-fed mice, Totum-63 reduced body weight and fat mass gain while lean mass was unchanged. Moreover, fecal energy excretion was higher in Totum-63 supplemented mice, suggesting a reduction of calorie absorption in the digestive tract. In the gut, metagenomic analyses of fecal microbiota revealed a partial restoration of HFD-induced microbial imbalance, as shown by PCoA analysis of microbiota composition. HFD-induced increase in HOMA-IR score was delayed in supplemented mice, and insulin response to an OGTT was significantly reduced, suggesting that Totum-63 may prevent HFD-related impairments in glucose homeostasis. Interestingly, these improvements could be linked to restored insulin signaling in subcutaneous adipose tissue and soleus muscle. In the liver, HFD-induced steatosis was reduced by 40% (as shown by triglyceride content). In the subsequent study in men, Totum-63 (5g.day -1 ) improved glucose and insulin responses to a high-carbohydrate breakfast test (84% kcal carbohydrates). It was well tolerated, with no clinically significant adverse events reported. Collectively, these data suggest that Totum-63 could improve glucose homeostasis in both HFD-fed mice and overweight individuals, presumably through a multi-targeted action on different metabolic organs.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-03220479
Contributor : Nathalie Boisseau <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 7, 2021 - 11:31:12 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, May 9, 2021 - 3:06:30 AM

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Vivien Chavanelle, Yolanda Otero, Florian Le Joubioux, Doriane Ripoche, Maxime Bargetto, et al.. Effects of Totum-63 on glucose homeostasis and post-prandial glycemia: a translational study. AJP - Endocrinology and Metabolism, American Physiological Society, 2021, ⟨10.1152/ajpendo.00629.2020⟩. ⟨hal-03220479⟩

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