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Testing the Recycled Gabbro Hypothesis for the Origin of "Ghost Plagioclase" Melt Signatures Using 87Sr/ 86 Sr of Individual Olivine‐Hosted Melt Inclusions from Hawai'i

Abstract : Melt inclusions with large, positive Sr anomalies have been described in multiple tectonic settings, and the origins of this unusual geochemical feature are debated. Three origins have been proposed involving plagioclase as the source of the elevated Sr: (i) direct assimilation of plagioclase-rich lithologies, (ii) recycled lower oceanic gabbro in the mantle source, and (iii) shallow-level diffusive interaction between present day lower oceanic crust (i.e., plagioclase-bearing lithologies) and the percolating melt. A “ghost plagioclase” signature (i.e., a large, positive Sr anomaly without associated high Al2O3) is present in melt inclusions from Mauna Loa. We present new 87Sr/86Sr measurements of individual olivine-hosted melt inclusions from three Hawaiian volcanoes, Mauna Loa, Loihi, and Koolau. The dataset includes a Mauna Loa melt inclusion with the highest reported Sr anomaly (or highest (Sr/Ce)N, which is 7.2) for Hawai'i. All melt inclusions have 87Sr/86Sr values within the range reported previously for the lavas from each volcano. Critically, the 87Sr/86Sr of the high (Sr/Ce)N melt inclusion lies within the narrow range of Mauna Loa melts that lack high (Sr/Ce)N signatures. To explain the high (Sr/Ce)N ratio of the ghost plagioclase signature using an ancient recycled gabbro would therefore require the gabbro-infused mantle source to evolve, by chance, to have the same 87Sr/86Sr as the source of the Mauna Loa melts that lack a recycled gabbro (ghost plagioclase) signature. Alternatively, shallow-level diffusive interactions between Mauna Loa plagioclase-rich cumulates and a percolating mantle-derived melt provides a simpler explanation for the presence of the high (Sr/Ce)N Mauna Loa melts.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-03164588
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 10, 2021 - 9:30:20 AM
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Olivia Anderson, M. Jackson, Estelle Rose-Koga, J. Marske, M. Peterson, et al.. Testing the Recycled Gabbro Hypothesis for the Origin of "Ghost Plagioclase" Melt Signatures Using 87Sr/ 86 Sr of Individual Olivine‐Hosted Melt Inclusions from Hawai'i. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, AGU and the Geochemical Society, 2021, 22, ⟨10.1029/2020GC009260⟩. ⟨hal-03164588⟩

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