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Biotic and abiotic transformation of amino acids in cloud water: experimental studies and atmospheric implications

Abstract : The interest in organic nitrogen and particularly in quantifying and studying the fate of amino acids (AAs) has been growing in the atmospheric-science community. However very little is known about biotic and abiotic transformation mechanisms of amino acids in clouds. In this work, we measured the biotransformation rates of 18 amino acids with four bacterial strains (Pseudomonas graminis PDD-13b-3, Rhodococcus enclensis PDD-23b-28, Sphingomonas sp. PDD-32b-11, and Pseudomonas syringae PDD-32b-74) isolated from cloud water and representative of this environment. At the same time, we also determined the abiotic (chemical, OH radical) transformation rates within the same solutions mimicking the composition of cloud water. We used a new approach by UPLC–HRMS (ultra-performance liquid chromatography–high-resolution mass spectrometry) to quantify free AAs directly in the artificial-cloud-water medium without concentration and derivatization. The experimentally derived transformation rates were used to compare their relative importance under atmospheric conditions with loss rates based on kinetic data of amino acid oxidation in the aqueous phase. This analysis shows that previous estimates overestimated the abiotic degradation rates and thus underestimated the lifetime of amino acids in the atmosphere, as they only considered loss processes but did not take into account the potential transformation of amino acids into each other.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-03145507
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 26, 2021 - 3:35:46 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 3:08:46 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, August 27, 2021 - 8:12:43 PM

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Saly Jaber, Muriel Joly, Maxence Brissy, Martin Leremboure, Amina Khaled, et al.. Biotic and abiotic transformation of amino acids in cloud water: experimental studies and atmospheric implications. Biogeosciences, European Geosciences Union, 2021, 18 (3), pp.1067-1080. ⟨10.5194/bg-18-1067-2021⟩. ⟨hal-03145507⟩

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