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Perception of pharmacy students toward opioid-related disorders and roles of community pharmacists: A French nationwide cross-sectional study

David Balayssac 1 Bruno Pereira 2 Pierre Cuq 3 Juliette Douris 4 Luc Ferrari 5 Elisa Boutet-Robinet 6 Mathilde Lechevrel 7 Christine Demeilliers 8 Patrice Rat 9 François Coudoré 10 Elise Verron 11 Bruno Lacarelle 12 Jérôme Guitton 13 Arnaud Courtois 14 Delphine Allorge 15 Stéphanie Pain 16 Michel Guerbet 7 Aurore Collin 1 Brigitte Vennat 17 Georges Brousse 17 Nicolas Authier 1 Catherine Laporte 18
Abstract : Background: Community pharmacists are among the frontline health professionals who manage patients with an opioid-related disorder (ORD). Pharmacists frequently have a negative attitude toward these patients, which could have a negative impact on their management. However, education on ORD may improve the attitude of future healthcare professionals. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess French pharmacy students' perceptions of ORD. Methods: This online survey was performed by emails sent to French pharmacy schools (between January 14, 2019 and May 31, 2019). The primary outcome was the perception (visual analogic scale) of ORD as a disease, the roles of community pharmacies (delivery of opioid agonist therapy-OAT and harm reduction kits), and the efficacy of OAT. The secondary outcomes assessed professional experience, university experience of and education on ORD, and the individual characteristics of students. Results: Among the 1,994 students included, 76.3% perceived ORD as a disease and felt that it was normal for pharmacists to deliver OAT (78.9%) and harm reduction kits (74.6%). However, only 46.9% perceived OAT as being effective. Multivariable analyses showed that females had a more positive perception in recognizing ORD as a disease. The progression through university years increased the positive perception of ORD as a disease and the delivery of OAT and harm reduction kits by pharmacists. Education on substance-related disorders had no impact on any scores. Students who had already delivered OAT had a negative perception of their efficacy. The students who had already performed pharmacy jobs or traineeships had a negative perception of harm reduction kit delivery. Conclusion: Education on substance-related disorders had no impact on students' perceptions. It seemed that the maturity acquired through university years had a stronger impact on the students' perceptions of ORD. Efforts must be made to improve our teaching methods and reinforce the confidence of students in the roles of community pharmacists.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-03077594
Contributor : Alexine Vignal <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 16, 2020 - 3:46:54 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 9, 2021 - 4:44:55 PM

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David Balayssac, Bruno Pereira, Pierre Cuq, Juliette Douris, Luc Ferrari, et al.. Perception of pharmacy students toward opioid-related disorders and roles of community pharmacists: A French nationwide cross-sectional study. Substance Abuse, Taylor & Francis (Routledge): STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles, 2020, pp.1-17. ⟨10.1080/08897077.2020.1850607⟩. ⟨hal-03077594⟩

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