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Risk Factors and Outcomes of Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes in a Cohort of 6968 Pregnant Women Prospectively Recruited.

Abstract : We revisited risk factors and outcomes related to the preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). A total of 7866 pregnant women were recruited during 5 years at their first prenatal visit to the perinatal clinic of the institution. We compared three groups (women without prematurity, women with spontaneous preterm labor with intact membranes (sPL with IM), women with PPROM) regarding 60 criteria about characteristics, lifestyle, medical, gynecological, obstetrical history of mothers, medication during pregnancy, events at delivery, and complications in neonates. Logistic regression analyses adjusting for potential confounding factors were used. Of the 6968 women selected, 189 (2.8%) presented a PPROM, and 225 (3.2%) an sPL with IM. The specific risk factors for PPROM were body mass index (BMI) <18.5 kg/m2 (adjusted odds ratio, aOR: 2.00 (1.09-3.67)), history of PPROM (aOR: 2.75 (1.19-6.36)), nulliparity (aOR: 2.52 (1.77-3.60)), gestational diabetes (aOR: 1.87 (1.16-2.99)), and low level of education (aOR: 2.39 (1.20-4.78)). The complications associated with PPROM were abruption placentae, cesarean, APGAR 5' <4, birth weight <2500 g, stillbirth, neonatal jaundice, and hospitalization of mother and neonates. All these complications were also associated with sPL with IM. Our study confirms some of the risk factors of PPROM and highlights a new one: gestational diabetes. Outcomes of PPROM are related to prematurity.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-03023207
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Submitted on : Friday, June 4, 2021 - 1:41:57 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 5, 2021 - 3:09:20 AM

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Damien Bouvier, Jean-Claude Forest, Loïc Blanchon, Emmanuel Bujold, Bruno Pereira, et al.. Risk Factors and Outcomes of Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes in a Cohort of 6968 Pregnant Women Prospectively Recruited.. Journal of Clinical Medicine, MDPI, 2019, 8 (11), ⟨10.3390/jcm8111987⟩. ⟨hal-03023207⟩

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