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Bone response to eccentric versus concentric cycling in adolescents with obesity

Abstract : Objectives: Because adolescents with obesity are susceptible to bone fragility during weight loss (WL), we evaluated the impact of eccentric (ECC) versus classical concentric (CON) training at the same oxygen consumption (V˙O2) on bone density, geometry and strength. Methods: Thirty five adolescents were included into 2 training (CON and ECC cycling) and a control (CTR, without training) groups. Anthropometry, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, hip structural analysis and quantitative bone ultrasound were assessed before and after the 12-week intervention. Results: The trainings promoted significant improvements in body mass index, total fat (FM) and lean mass (LM), with better improvements for FM and LM in the ECC group (p < 0.05). Leg LM percentage increased only in the ECC group (p < 0.05). Total body bone mineral content and density increased in both training groups (p < 0.001) with significant time x group interactions only between ECC and CTR (p < 0.05). Buckling ratio at the intertrochanteric region and femoral shaft increased only in CTR and CON groups (p < 0.05). Speeds of sounds at the calcaneum increased only in ECC group (p < 0.01). Conclusions: Bone fragility, from a compromised relationship between density, geometry and strength, might be prevented with the ECC modality.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 18, 2020 - 6:43:55 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 20, 2020 - 3:07:35 AM




Valerie Julian, David Thivel, Maud Miguet, Chloé Brengues, Bruno Pereira, et al.. Bone response to eccentric versus concentric cycling in adolescents with obesity. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, 2020, ⟨10.1016/j.orcp.2020.10.002⟩. ⟨hal-03013096⟩



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