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Determination of the refractory enrichment factor of the bulk silicate Earth from metal-silicate experiments on rare Earth elements

Abstract : This study investigates the partitioning of rare earth elements (REE) from La to Gd between molten metal and silicate to evaluate potential fractionation occurring during core-mantle differentiation. We report molten metal-silicate liquid partition coefficients from 24 multi-anvil experiments, extending the range of pressure, previously ranging from 1 to 8 GPa, up to 14 GPa. Experiments were performed at temperatures of between 2300 and 2560 K, and for oxygen fugacities ranging from the IW (Iron-Wüstite buffer) to IW–4. Metal-silicate partition coefficients for the studied REE vary with the oxygen fugacity and S concentration in the metallic phase of the system. These elements were all lithophile during the Earth's accretion. By compiling all existing data on molten metal-silicate liquid partitioning, REE partitioning between the mantle and core during the Earth's accretion can be determined for a wide range of P, T and fo2 conditions representing the early evolution of planetary bodies from planetesimals to planets. REE concentrations of the bulk silicate Earth (BSE) are calculated from accretion scenarios using varying proportions and compositions of chondritic building blocks. The models selected are those that reproduce the Earth's nucleosynthetic isotope signature and the Ni/Co, Th/U and Nb/Ta ratios of the BSE. The BSE refractory element enrichment factor determined from REE data is equal to 2.88 (relative to CI chondrites). This calculation takes into account the depletion in volatile elements in the Earth compared to chondrites. This new estimate is in good agreement with previous determinations based on analysis of the upper mantle rocks, which supports the idea of a chemically homogeneous mantle. We also confirm that the formation of the core, with or without segregation of a sulfide phase, does not fractionate Sm/Nd and cannot be responsible for the 142Nd excess measured in modern terrestrial samples relative to chondrites.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-03004013
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Submitted on : Friday, November 13, 2020 - 2:41:53 PM
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P. Faure, M. Boyet, Mohamed Ali Bouhifd, Geeth Manthilake, T. Hammouda, et al.. Determination of the refractory enrichment factor of the bulk silicate Earth from metal-silicate experiments on rare Earth elements. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Elsevier, 2021, pp.116644. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116644⟩. ⟨hal-03004013⟩

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