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Magnesium transport and homeostasis-related gene expression in skeletal muscle of young and old adults: analysis of the transcriptomic data from the PROOF cohort Study.

Abstract : Magnesium (Mg2+) is critical for a number of biological processes and 25% body Mg2+ is located in the skeletal muscle. Mg2+ transport and homeostasis systems (MgTHs) regulate intracellular Mg2+ concentration and muscle MgTHs are thus related to whole body Mg2+ homeostasis. Nonetheless, few studies have investigated the regulation of muscle MgTHs under (patho)physiological conditions. Herein, we assessed the relationship between the expression of MgTHs genes (Trpm6, Trpm7, Magt1, Mrs2, Cnnm1-4, Slc41a1-3) and relevant pathways in human sarcopenia, which is one of the most dramatic physiologic changes affecting the human body. Transcriptomic data were compared between young adult (YO, 22 y, n = 11) and old (EL, 73 y, n = 13) men from the PROOF cohort. MgTH mRNA levels did not change with aging, with the exception of a slight decrease for Slc41a3. Nevertheless, interindividual variations of mRNA levels revealed strong correlations between MgTHs in the YO group, while few were maintained in the EL muscle. Moreover, in the YO muscle, different clusters of MgTH mRNAs strongly correlated with divers physiological (BMI, blood pressure) and muscle characteristics (intramyocellular droplets, capillarization); however, most correlations changed or disappeared in the EL muscle. Further investigations of the whole transcriptome identified several sets of mRNAs correlated with defined MgTHs. There again was a sharp difference between YO and EL muscles, as the number of mRNAs correlated with MgTHs strongly decreased with aging. Gene ontology analyses of these sets of correlated mRNAs revealed 6 biological processes common to YO and EL, 3 specific to the YO (RNA processing, translation, respiration), and 2 (regulation of catabolic process, Wnt signaling) to the EL muscle. Overall, these observations lead to questions about potential resilience to muscle Mg2+ homeostasis in the elderly.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-02520159
Contributor : Joëlle Demaison <>
Submitted on : Thursday, March 26, 2020 - 2:53:00 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 27, 2020 - 2:07:06 AM

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Cécile Coudy-Gandilhon, Marine Gueugneau, Daniel Taillandier, Lydie Combaret, Cécile Polge, et al.. Magnesium transport and homeostasis-related gene expression in skeletal muscle of young and old adults: analysis of the transcriptomic data from the PROOF cohort Study.. Magnesium Research, John Libbey Eurotext, 2019, 32 (3), pp.72-82. ⟨10.1684/mrh.2019.0458⟩. ⟨hal-02520159⟩

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