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Photochemistry of the Cloud Aqueous Phase: A Review

Abstract : This review paper describes briefly the cloud aqueous phase composition and deeply its reactivity in the dark and mainly under solar radiation. The role of the main oxidants (hydrogen peroxide, nitrate radical, and hydroxyl radical) is presented with a focus on the hydroxyl radical, which drives the oxidation capacity during the day. Its sources in the aqueous phase, mainly through photochemical mechanisms with H 2 O 2 , iron complexes, or nitrate/nitrite ions, are presented in detail. The formation rate of hydroxyl radical and its steady state concentration evaluated by different authors are listed and compared. Finally, a paragraph is also dedicated to the sinks and the reactivity of the HO • radical with the main compounds found in the cloud aqueous phase. This review presents an assessment of the reactivity in the cloud aqueous phase and shows the significant potential impact that this medium can have on the chemistry of the atmosphere and more generally on the climate.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 14, 2020 - 2:02:42 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 3:10:35 AM

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Molecules, 25, 423.pdf
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Angelica Bianco, Monica Passananti, Marcello Brigante, Gilles Mailhot. Photochemistry of the Cloud Aqueous Phase: A Review. Molecules, MDPI, 2020, 25 (2), pp.423. ⟨10.3390/molecules25020423⟩. ⟨hal-02470321⟩

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