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Methyl donor deficiency in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts induces ER stress as an important part of the proteome response

Abstract : Deficiency of methyl donors (MDs, folate, vitamin B12, and choline) causes increased plasma level of Hcy, a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Previously, we showed that maternal MD deprivation altered the cardiac proteome of rat pups. To better understand its impact on cardiac cells, we exposed rat H9c2 cardiomyoblasts to selectively a synthetic folate- or MD-deficient (FD or MDD) medium. We found that a 4-day exposure to the FD medium, unlike the MDD one, did not cause an abnormal extracellular release of Hcy relatively to similar exposure to the control complete (C) medium. Comparative analyses of the proteomes of FD, MDD, and C cells identified 7 and 6 proteins up- or downregulated by either deficiency, respectively. Most proteins were found interrelated in a single network dealing with "post-translational modification, protein folding and cell death/survival" (FD cells) or "DNA replication/recombination/repair and cell morphology/compromise" (MDD cells). Both deficiencies altered the protein and mRNA levels of the chaperones alpha-crystallin B, protein disulfide-isomerase A4, and prohibitin. This was concurrent with rapid induction of several key genes of the ER stress response, notably gadd153/chop, and increased expression of the E3 ubiquitin ligases, Hrdl, and MAFbx. In conclusion, the effects of folate and MD deficiencies on the cardiomyoblast proteome display some dissimilarities possibly related to different cellular production of Hcy. In both cases activation of the ER stress could occur in response to accumulation of ubiquitinated misfolded proteins.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-02459227
Contributor : Céline Jousse <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 29, 2020 - 11:43:30 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 1:37:07 PM

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Céline Jousse, Emilie Martinez, Christiane Deval, Celine Jousse, Andrzej Mazur, et al.. Methyl donor deficiency in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts induces ER stress as an important part of the proteome response. The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 2015, 59, pp.62-72. ⟨10.1016/j.biocel.2014.11.013⟩. ⟨hal-02459227⟩

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