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Poster communications

The La-Ce Isotope Systematics in Gough Island Lavas: New Constraints on the Origin of the EM1 Component

Abstract : Hotspot lavas show a large diversity of isotope compositions resulting from the recycling of surface material into the convective mantle. Amongst the mantle end-members, EM-1 (enriched mantle) is widely debated and scenarios involving either old pelagic sediments subducted into the deep mantle or subcontinental lithospheric material incorporated at shallow depths are commonly evoked. The aim of the present study is to combine the measurement of Rare Earth Elements (REE) and of several isotope systems (147Sm-143Nd, 176Lu-176Hf, 138La-138Ce) in order to better understand the origin of the EM1 component. The use of the 138La-138Ce isotope systematics (T1/2 = 292.5 Ga; Tanimizu, Phys. Rev 2000) is particularly well adapted since a reservoir carrier of a negative cerium anomaly is characterized by fractionated La/Ce ratios and thus will develop radiogenic 138Ce/142Ce ratios with time. We selected 12 lavas from Gough Island (South Atlantic Ocean). Negative cerium anomalies (Ce/Ce*<0) measured in these samples were attributed to the participation of 0.5% of a recycled sediment component [Class and le Roex, EPSL 2008]. We measured limited ranges for ε143Nd (-1.03 and -1.99), ε176Hf (-3.1 and -1.5) and ε138Ce (0.1 and -0.4) values: Ce/Ce* do not correlate with isotope ratios. Cerium isotope compositions measured in Gough island lavas allow us to exclude the contribution of old sedimentary material carrying a negative cerium anomaly in the mantle source. Modeling a primitive mantle source contaminated by a pelagic component does not reproduced our measurements. Our isotope results suggest that the incorporation of subcontinental lithospheric material (proportion between 15 and 30%) at shallow depths during the plume ascent is a more suitable model to explain the isotope composition of Gough Island lavas. Subcontinental lithosphere sampled via kimberlites and lamproites has isotopic compositions that plot generally below the εHf-εNd mantle array, a signature that is also seen in Gough lavas.
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Poster communications
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-02403954
Contributor : Sylvaine Jouhannel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 11, 2019 - 9:27:26 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 9:16:57 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02403954, version 1

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Maud Boyet, Régis Doucelance, Claudine Israel, Pierre Bonnand, Delphine Auclair, et al.. The La-Ce Isotope Systematics in Gough Island Lavas: New Constraints on the Origin of the EM1 Component. Goldschmidt, Aug 2019, Barcelone, Spain. ⟨hal-02403954⟩

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