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Effect of endogenous microbiota on the molecular composition of cloud water: a study by Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS)

Abstract : A cloud water sample collected at the puy de Dôme observatory (PUY) has been incubated under dark conditions, with its endogenous microbiota at two different temperatures (5 and 15 °C), and the change in the molecular organic composition of this sample was analyzed by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). Microorganisms were metabolically active and strongly modified the dissolved organic matter since they were able to form and consume many compounds. Using Venn diagrams, four fractions of compounds were identified: (1) compounds consumed by microbial activity; (2) compounds not transformed during incubation; (3) compounds resulting from dark chemistry (i.e., hydrolysis and Fenton reactions) and, finally, (4) compounds resulting from microbial metabolic activity. At 15 °C, microorganisms were able to consume 58% of the compounds initially present and produce 266 new compounds. For this cloud sample, the impact of dark chemistry was negligible. Decreasing the temperature to 5 °C led to the more efficient degradation of organic compounds (1716 compounds vs. 1094 at 15 °C) but with the less important production of new ones (173). These transformations were analyzed using a division into classes based on the O/C and H/C ratios: lipid-like compounds, aliphatic/peptide-like compounds, carboxylic-rich alicyclic molecule (CRAM)-like structures, carbohydrate-like compounds, unsaturated hydrocarbons, aromatic structures and highly oxygenated compounds (HOCs). Lipid-like, aliphatic/peptide-like and CRAMs-like compounds were the most impacted since they were consumed to maintain the microbial metabolism. On the contrary, the relative percentages of CRAMs and carbohydrates increased after incubation.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-02144711
Contributor : Laurent Deguillaume Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, December 24, 2020 - 9:27:54 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 3:01:53 AM

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Angelica Bianco, Laurent Deguillaume, Nadine Chaumerliac, Mickaël Vaitilingom, Miao Wang, et al.. Effect of endogenous microbiota on the molecular composition of cloud water: a study by Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 9 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-44149-8⟩. ⟨hal-02144711⟩

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