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Brain GABA editing by localizedin vivo1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Abstract : Editing of GABA by H-1 MRS in a specific brain area is a unique tool for in vivo non-invasive investigation of neurotransmission disorders. Selective GABA detection is achieved using sequences based on double quantum coherence (DQC). Our pulse sequence makes accurate measurements without artefacts due to spatial localization. The sequence was tested on a phantom solution. The effect of vigabatrin, a specific inhibitor of GABA transaminase, was measured in rat brain and GABA detection was performed in vivo in monkey brain using this procedure. Rats were spilt into two groups. In the control group, the rats had access to water and, in the other group (vigabatrin, VGB, rats), animals were allowed free access to drinking water containing vigabatrin. After 3 weeks of treatment, rats were anesthetized for in vivo NMR spectroscopy investigation. At the end of the experiment, brains were quickly removed, freeze-clamped and extracted with 4% perchloric acid. One part of the acid extract was used for GABA concentrations assessment by ion exchange chromatography with ninhydrin detection. The second was used for high-resolution NMR analysis. By chromatography measurements, the GABA concentration was 1.23 +/- 0.06 mumol/g for controls, while for vigabatrin-treated rats the GABA concentration was 4.89 +/- 1.60 mumol/g. The NMR in vivo results were closely correlated with the NMR ex vivo (r = 0.99, p < 0.01) and chromatography results (r = 0.98, P < 0.01). The correlation between ex vivo results and chromatography results was also high (r = 0.99, p < 0.001). This pulse sequence performed GABA editing from a 376 mul voxel located on the right basal ganglia area in a non-human primate brain. This in vivo GABA editing scheme can thus be proposed for accurate measurement of brain GABA concentrations
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 21, 2019 - 11:03:34 AM
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Cecile Keller, Jean-Pierre Renou, Guy Bielicki, Carine Chassain, Jp. Renou, et al.. Brain GABA editing by localizedin vivo1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy. NMR in Biomedicine, Wiley, 2004, 17 (2), pp.60-68. ⟨10.1002/nbm.863⟩. ⟨hal-02135305⟩



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