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Bimodal zircon ages from Natash volcanics (southeast Egypt) and the link between eruption mechanisms and Late Cretaceous tectonics

Abstract : Trachyte plugs from the Natash volcanic field have been precisely dated using in situ U-Pb geochronology on zircon grains at ~93 Ma. Available zircon ages thus suggest that the overall volcanic history at Natash was probably shorter than previously estimated based on Rb-Sr and K-Ar ages, which are more sensitive to element mobility. Basaltic flows and trachyte plugs were produced by a largely synchronous, Upper Cretaceous volcanic activity that occurred in the Natash area at the onset of the extensional fracturing that preceded and accompanied the doming of the Afro-Arabian Shield. Extraction and eruption of volumetrically dominant basalts from deeper lithospheric levels were ruled by major NW-SE strike-slip faults, whereas both major and subordinate fault systems activated by successive tectonic pulses favoured the ascent of more evolved melts (i.e. trachytes and rhyolites) from shallow-level magma chambers. The study revealed also the presence of zircon xenocrysts in some trachyte plugs associated or not to magmatic zircon. These xenocrysts have pre-Cambrian ages (~681 Ma) matching those of zircons from basement rocks in the area (~700 Ma) and were most probably incorporated during the emplacement of trachyte plugs at shallow depths. The strictly bimodal ages recorded by zircons suggest a very large time gap (> 500 Ma) between the end of the Pan-African Orogeny and the onset of new tectono-magmatic activity in the Natash area.
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Mohamed Ali Abu El-Rus, Jean-Louis Paquette, Gilles Chazot, Riccardo Vannucci. Bimodal zircon ages from Natash volcanics (southeast Egypt) and the link between eruption mechanisms and Late Cretaceous tectonics. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, Springer, 2019, 12 (9), ⟨10.1007/s12517-019-4457-2⟩. ⟨hal-02117469⟩



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