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Severe non-traumatic bleeding events detected by computed tomography: do anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents have a role?

Abstract : Purpose: Bleeding is the most common and most serious complication of anticoagulant (AC) and antiplatelet agents (APA) which are increasingly used in every day practice. The aim of this study was to enlist and analyze the most severe bleeding events revealed during computed tomography scanner (CT scan) examinations over a 1-year period at our University Hospital and to evaluate the role of ACs and APAs in their occurrence. Methods: This descriptive monocentric retrospective study included all patients who benefited from an emergency CT scan with a diagnosis of severe non-traumatic bleeding. Patients were divided into two groups: those treated with ACs and/or APAs, and those not treated with ACs or APAs. Results: After applying the inclusion criteria, 93 patients were enrolled. Sixty-one patients received an anticoagulant or antiplatelet treatment, and 32 did not receive any AC or APA therapy. Seventy nine percent presented with an intracranial hemorrhage, 17% with a rectus sheath or iliopsoas bleeding or hematoma, and 4% with a quadriceps hematoma. Only patients who received ACs or APAs suffered a muscular hematoma (p < 0.0001). Among patients treated with vitamin K antagonists, 6/43 (14%), had an international normalized ratio (INR) higher than the therapeutic range (INR >3). Conclusions: In our series, intracranial hemorrhage was preponderant and muscular hematomas occurred exclusively in patients treated with ACs and/or APAs. This study needs to be extended to evaluate the impact of new anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents.
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Olivier Risch, Agaicha Alfidja, Aurélien Mulliez, Anderson Amani, Louis Boyer, et al.. Severe non-traumatic bleeding events detected by computed tomography: do anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents have a role?. Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, BioMed Central, 2014, 9 (1), n.p. ⟨10.1186/s13019-014-0166-9⟩. ⟨hal-02094204⟩

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