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Building and ornamental use of trachyte in the center of France during antiquity: Sources and criteria of identification

Abstract : The volcanic field of Chaîne des Puys (French Massif Central) includes six trachytic volcanoes, the lavas of which were more or less extensively exploited during antiquity and medieval ages as a raw material for construction, sculpture and fabrication of sarcophagi. Recent questioning on the origin of trachytes from the famous Mercury sanctuary (2nd centuries AD) built atop Puy de Dôme volcano motivated the launch of a program devoted to establish source identification criteria for trachytic artifacts based on petrography, geochemistry and mineralogy These analyses allowed to establish a list of very strong criteria allowing to distinguish each volcano. The nature of the minerals being discriminating in most cases, a small sample size is sufficient for the diagnosis. The possibilities offered by the new classification are illustrated by a reappraisal of trachyte supplying around Augustonemetum (Clermont-Ferrand) during the Gallo-Roman period. In the course of this program, we discovered a previously unknown major quarry of trachyte.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-01940136
Contributor : Nicolas CLUZEL Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 30, 2018 - 9:15:46 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 16, 2021 - 2:11:27 PM

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Pierre Boivin, Didier Miallier, Nicolas Cluzel, Jean-Luc Devidal, Bertrand Dousteyssier. Building and ornamental use of trachyte in the center of France during antiquity: Sources and criteria of identification. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Elsevier, 2015, 3, pp.247-256. ⟨10.1016/j.jasrep.2015.06.017⟩. ⟨hal-01940136⟩

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