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A Modeling Study of the Influence of Ice Scavenging on the Chemical Composition of Liquid-Phase Precipitation of a Cumulonimbus Cloud

Abstract : Evidence of the efficient removal of chemicals by ice particles has been deduced from past field experiments and laboratory studies. However, the ice phase has been poorly represented in prior cloud chemistry modeling. This paper uses a two-dimensional Eulerian cloud model to address the impact of ice-phase processes on the chemistry of precipitation in the context of a simulated cumulonimbus cloud. Riming of graupel and the freezing of supercooled rain are the main processes for the transfer of species toward graupel. Even when freezing is the main mode for this transfer, riming still plays an important role by providing a feedback effect that limits the diluting influence of rain. When riming is the only process, sulfate production is more efficient in rainwater, whereas when freezing dominates a decrease in sulfate production is observed. During the decaying stage, the precipitation (glaciated and/or liquid) has higher concentrations of the hydrogen peroxide and sulfates that originated from the gas phase. However, sulfates chemically produced in the liquid phases are less concentrated than if ice had played no role. This study demonstrates the potential impact of ice-phase processes in organized cloud systems where strong updrafts exist, as ahead of a cold front.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-01819416
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Nicole Audiffren, Sylvie Cautenet, Nadine Chaumerliac. A Modeling Study of the Influence of Ice Scavenging on the Chemical Composition of Liquid-Phase Precipitation of a Cumulonimbus Cloud. Journal of Applied Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, 1999, 38 (8), pp.1148 - 1160. ⟨10.1175/1520-0450(1999)038<1148:AMSOTI>2.0.CO;2⟩. ⟨hal-01819416⟩

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