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Intracerebral synthesis of glutamine from hyperpolarized glutamate

Abstract : PurposeChanges in glutamate (Glu) levels occur in a number of neurodegenerative diseases. We proposed the use of C-13 spectroscopy and the highly amplified signal generated by hyperpolarization to achieve spatial and temporal resolutions adequate for in vivo studies of Glu metabolism in the healthy rat brain. Thus, we investigated uptake of hyperpolarized [1(-13C)]Glu after a temporary blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption protocol and its conversion to glutamine (Gln) in the brain. Methods[1-C-13]Glu was hyperpolarized using the dynamic nuclear polarization process. A temporary BBB disruption using mannitol allowed hyperpolarized [1-C-13]Glu to reach the brain. Then, hyperpolarized [1-C-13]Glu brain metabolism was observed in vivo by MR spectroscopy experiments at 3T. Products synthesized from [1-C-13]Glu were assigned via liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. ResultsHyperpolarized [1-C-13]Glu reached 20%2.3% polarization after 90min. After validation of the BBB disruption protocol, hyperpolarized [1-C-13]Glu (175.4ppm) was detected inside the rat brain, and the formation of [1-C-13]Gln at 174.9ppm was also observed. ConclusionThe Gln synthesis from hyperpolarized [1-C-13]Glu can be monitored in vivo in the healthy rat brain after opening the BBB.
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https://hal.uca.fr/hal-01690877
Contributor : Marie-Laurence Douhairie Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 23, 2018 - 2:59:28 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 19, 2022 - 10:53:03 AM

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Leslie Mazuel, Rolf Schulte, Aurélie Cladière, Claudine Spéziale, Marie Lagrée, et al.. Intracerebral synthesis of glutamine from hyperpolarized glutamate. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Wiley, 2017, 78 (4), pp.1296 - 1305. ⟨10.1002/mrm.26522⟩. ⟨hal-01690877⟩

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