Release of hydro-soluble microalgal proteins using mechanical and chemical treatments

Abstract : In order to release proteins in the aqueous phase, high-pressure homogenization and alkaline treatments were applied to rupture the cell walls of five intensively grown microalgae. Protein characterisation was carried out by analysing the amino acid profiles of both the crude microalgae and the protein extracts, obtained after both types of treatment. The results showed that the proportion of proteins released from microalgae following both treatments was, in descending order: Porphyridium cruentum>Arthrospira platensis>Chlorella vulgaris>Nannochloropsis oculata>Haematococcus pluvialis, reflecting the increasingly protective, cell walls. Nonetheless, mechanical treatment released more proteins from all the microalgae compared to chemical treatment. The highest yield was for the fragile cell walled P. cruentum with 88% hydro-soluble proteins from total proteins, and the lowest from the rigid cell walled H. pluvialis with 41%. The proportion of essential and non-essential amino acids in the extract was assessed and compared to the crude microalgae profile. It was higher after alkaline treatment and much higher after high-pressure homogenization. These results suggest that non-essential amino acids are more concentrated actually inside the cells and that different types of proteins are being released by these two treatments.
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Carl Safi, Michaël Charton, Alina Violeta Ursu, Céline Laroche, Bachar Zebib, et al.. Release of hydro-soluble microalgal proteins using mechanical and chemical treatments. Algal Research - Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts, Elsevier, 2014, 3, pp.55-60. ⟨10.1016/j.algal.2013.11.017⟩. ⟨hal-01658748⟩

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