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Multidiffusion mechanisms for noble gases (He, Ne, Ar) in silicate glasses and melts in the transition temperature domain: Implications for glass polymerization

Abstract : The noble gas bearing glasses were synthesized by exposing the liquids to high noble gas partial pressures at high temperature and pressure (1750–1770 K and 1.2 GPa) in a piston-cylinder apparatus. Diffusivities were measured by step heating the glasses between 423 and 1198 K and measuring the fraction of gas released at each temperature step by noble gas mass spectrometry. In addition we measured the viscosity of G1 between 996 and 1072 K in order to determine the precise glass transition temperature and to estimate network relaxation time scales. The results indicate that, to a first order, that the smaller the size of the diffusing atom, the greater its diffusivity at a given temperature: D(He) > D(Ne) > D(Ar) at constant T. Significantly, the diffusivities of the noble gases in the glasses investigated do not display simple Arrhenian behavior: there are well-defined departures from Arrhenian behavior which occur at lower temperatures for He than for Ne or Ar. We propose that the non-Arrhenian behavior of noble gases can be explained by structural modifications of the silicate network itself as the glass transition temperature is approached: as the available free volume (available site for diffusive jumps) is modified, noble gas diffusion is no longer solely temperature-activated but also becomes sensitive to the kinetics of network rearrangements. The non-Arrhenian behavior of noble gas diffusion close to Tg is well described by a modified Vogel–Tammann–Fulcher (VTF) equation: Da2=A1a2∗exp-B1R(T-T2)-CRT where D is the diffusion coefficient, a the diffusion domain size (taken to be the size of the sample), A1 and C are respectively equivalent to the pre-exponential factor and to the activation energy (Ea in J mol−1) of the classical Arrhenius equation, B1 can be interpreted as a “pseudo-activation energy” that reflects the influence of the silicate network relaxation, T2 is the temperature where the diffusion regime switches from Arrhenian to non-Arrhenian, and R is the gas constant (=8.314 J K−1 mol−1). Finally, our step heating diffusion experiments suggest that at T close to Tg, noble gas isotopes may suffer kinetic fractionation at a degree larger than that predicted by Graham’s law. In the case of 40Ar and 36Ar, the traditional assumption based on Graham’s law is that the ratio D40Ar/D36Ar should be equal to 0.95 (the square root of the ratio of the mass of 36Ar over the mass of 40Ar). In our experiment with glass G1, D40Ar/D36Ar rapidly decreased with decreasing temperature, from near unity (0.98 ± 0.14) at T > 1040 K to 0.76 when close to Tg (T = 1003 K). Replicate experiments are needed to confirm the strong kinetic fractionation of heavy noble gases close to the transition temperature.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 3, 2021 - 3:25:52 PM
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Julien Amalberti, Pete Burnard, Didier Laporte, Laurent Tissandier, Daniel R. Neuville. Multidiffusion mechanisms for noble gases (He, Ne, Ar) in silicate glasses and melts in the transition temperature domain: Implications for glass polymerization. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2016, 172, pp.107-126. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2015.09.027⟩. ⟨hal-01636934⟩



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