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Effects of Two Electrical Stimulation Frequencies in Thigh Muscle After Knee Surgery

Abstract : The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two protocols of electrical stimulation combined with voluntary contractions on the recovery of thigh muscles after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery. Ten sportsmen with a mean age of 26 yrs were randomly assigned into two groups: a 80 Hz stimulated group (5 patients) and a 20 Hz stimulated group (5 patients). All patients received electrical stimulation of the quadriceps femoris, five days a week, for 12 weeks, and had a standard program of voluntary contractions. Muscle and fat volumes of the thigh were assessed using MRI before surgery and after 12 weeks of rehabilitation. Quadriceps and hamstring muscle strength were evaluated by isokinetic measurements. Twelve weeks after surgery, the quadriceps peak torque deficit in the operated limb with respect to the non operated limb at 180 degrees /s and 240 degrees /s was significantly (p < 0.05) less in the 20 Hz group than in the 80 Hz group. This difference was not confirmed when comparing the pre-surgery quadriceps peak torque of the operated limb with the post-surgery one. Subcutaneous fat volume was increased for the two groups at the post-surgery test. This increase was significantly (p < 0.05) greater for the 80 Hz group. Thigh muscle volume deficit was not significantly different between the two groups.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 24, 2017 - 1:55:51 PM
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A. Rebai, V. Barra, A. Laborde, J. Bonny, G. Poumarat, et al.. Effects of Two Electrical Stimulation Frequencies in Thigh Muscle After Knee Surgery. International Journal of Sports Medicine, Thieme Publishing, 2002, 23 (8), pp.604 - 609. ⟨10.1055/s-2002-35525⟩. ⟨hal-01622437⟩



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