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Predicting Future Poor Readers from Pre-reading Visual Skills: A Longitudinal Study

Abstract : Reading is essential for learning, from literature to physics, from paper to screens on e-readers and smart phones. Even if it is well known that learning to read implies good language skills, children also need to develop good oculomotor and visual-perception skills. Thereby, any deficits in visual processing may affect learning. The possible impact of visual deficits is rarely considered, especially with regard to eye movements and visual perception. Hence, these deficits are usually discovered much later or remain undiagnosed. The present study aimed at assessing the usefulness of visual processing related measures in the early detection of reading difficulties. Visual skill differences that are apparent early in kindergarten might provide predictive insights into risk for learning difficulties at school entry. We used a prospective, longitudinal approach where visual processes (assessed with the Developmental Eye Movement (DEM) test) were measured in 51 preschoolers, and the impact of these processes on future reading development was explored one year later, in Grade 1. Results showed that (1) 31% of our sample of preschoolers showed visual processing impairments (without any clinical complaints) and (2) reading accuracy and speed in first graders were significantly correlated with visual skills assessed in kindergarten, thus confirming the significant role of oculomotor and visual-perception processes in the acquisition of reading skills. These suggests the potential for these measures to be used clinically for identifying children at risk for low academic achievement, enabling appropriate targeting of early interventions.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03102987
Contributor : Stéphanie Ducrot <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 7, 2021 - 7:48:04 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 14, 2021 - 3:16:40 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03102987, version 1

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Marie Vernet, Stéphanie Bellocchi, Laurie Leibnitz, Yves Chaix, Stéphanie Ducrot. Predicting Future Poor Readers from Pre-reading Visual Skills: A Longitudinal Study. Applied Neuropsychology: Child, Taylor & Francis, 2021. ⟨hal-03102987⟩

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