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Theses

Une approche agile, fiable et minimale pour le maintien de la qualité de service lors de l'évolution d'applications à base de processus métiers

Abstract : Current softwares are built using "agile" development methods, to better consider the need to adapt to new user requirements. Developers and designers are getting closer to future software users by making short iterative cycles, where the future user gives a fast feedback on the increment made to the software and emits new user requirement to be fulfilled in future increments. These iterations can be seen as evolutions, as an answer to the definition of a new user requirement, or due to a change in the execution environment or in the architecture of the software. In the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) world, the design of software is composed of service choreography, or service orchestration using business processes. The design of these applications is equivalent to connecting the services control flow and data flow. As a result, the evolution step becomes a complex step, where a simple modification on a sub-part of a business process can have consequences on the entire system, causing for example its slowing down at runtime. From the Quality of Service (QoS) point of view, ensuring the fiability of the evolution process to maintain software QoS is critical. As a result, it is necessary to propose agile, reliable evolution mecanisms ensuring QoS preservation during the evolution of software made of business processes. In other words, we need to control that an evolution does not violate any QoS contract initially set up. Depending of the contract, this garanty must be established either at design time or at runtime. In the latter case, the verification process must be minimal and local, in order to not degrade the software performance. To achieve this goal, we propose to realise an agile development cycle, centered on the QoS preservation during the evolution. It is necessary to care about the evolutive concern of a system from the initial design step, by identifying required information to determine if the QoS continues to be correct and not violated by an evolution. Considering that this information is known by many stakeholders, it is also necessary to set up interaction points during the development cycle, during which information is shared in order to keep building a syntactically and semantically coherent software and to minimally (re)check QoS contracts. The contributions of this thesis are applied in Blink, a development cycle for evolution, and Smile, a framework to maintain QoS during the evolution of a service-oriented software made of business processes. While Blink is intended to identify the different actors and to make their interactions explicit, Smile proposes the realisation of an evolution loop. This loop enables the design, analysis and application of an evolution, by detecting the potential QoS contract violation. The evolution analysis determines its effect on the software QoS, by defining causal relations among variables, operations, services and other parts of the system. In this way, by identifying elements that are causally affected by the evolution, and by avoiding the elements that are not, our approach enables the limitation of the number of elements to (re)check in order to assure a reliable evolution step, with a minimal (re)check step. We show on the concrete case of a crisis management system, composed of eleven bu- siness processes and ten scenarios, that the combined use of Blink and Smile enables for each evolution the identification of its effect on the system, and the QoS preservation of the system.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 9, 2014 - 10:54:17 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 2, 2022 - 3:57:28 PM
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Alexandre Feugas. Une approche agile, fiable et minimale pour le maintien de la qualité de service lors de l'évolution d'applications à base de processus métiers. Génie logiciel [cs.SE]. Université des Sciences et Technologie de Lille - Lille I, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01073193⟩

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